Saleha is a 51 year-old IDP in Baghlan Province. When her father died in 1980 he left Saleha, her three brothers and five sisters 50,000m2 of land. However, the brothers prevented their sisters from receiving their shares, a common practice in a region where it is widely believed it is inappropriate for women to be landowners. When Saleha tried to raise the subject of her entitlement, her brothers ignored her. She lodged an application in the local district court but for five years the filed inheritance documents remained untouched. Hoping to overcome this obstacle, Saleha succeeded in having the case transferred to the district court in Kunduz, her then place of residence. It was then that she learnt of NRC´s legal assistance services.
An NRC legal advisor confirmed that both sharia law and Afghanistan’s Civil Code supported her entitlement to a share of the property. However, when Saleha passed this on to her brothers, they continued to deny her claim. The old case file notes having got lost, NRC helped her launch a new case in the Kunduz court system. By this time however, Saleha had moved back to Baghlan, her place of origin, and thus had to travel from another province to keep her claim active. Saleha was able to prove her relation to her late father but the judge then objected to her non-appearance in Kunduz court, pointing out to the NRC advisor that her repeated failure to do so would, in accordance with national law, lead to automatic forfeiture of her case. Despite NRC intercession, the case remains unresolved after many years.